学习宝典

2019上海徐汇区高三英语二模试卷(word版)


2019上海徐汇区高三英语二模试卷(word版)

考生注意:

考试时间120分钟,试卷满分140分。


本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。所有答題必须涂(选择题)或写(非选择题)在答题纸上,做在试卷上一律不得分。


答題前,务必在答題纸上填写准考证号和姓名,并将核对后的条形码貼在指定位置上,在答題纸反面清楚地填写姓名。

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A Short Conversations

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

A. At an airport. B. In the hotel.

C. At a bus stop. D. In a subway station.


A. The lady has to go ask for help. B. The lady is satisfied with her black coffee.C. The lady has to have black coffee. D. The lady has had too much black coffee.


A. The paintings are copies with reasonable prices. B. The paintings are absolutely genuine. C.The paintings are only sold at this fair. D. The paintings are highly priced.


A. The man booked the flight on Sep. 19. B. The man will take the flight on Sep. 16. C. The man wants to sell his ticket for Sep. 16. D. The man is likely to take the flight on Sep. 20.


A. A soccer game. B. A bicycle race.

C. A swimming game. D. A Marathon running race.

A. Skirt. B. Matches. C. Toes. D. Shoes.


A. She wants another steak. B. She doesn’t like the steak.C. She is too full to have anything more. D. She is full of energy.


A. She prefers to exercise in the afternoon.B. The man should continue with his exercise.C. It is important to make warming-up exercise.D. The man should start to exercise one month later.


A. It would be very cold today.   B. It would get warm today.

C. The cold front would stay for long. D. The weather report was wrong.

A. To drive a long way home. B. To serve as a good mechanic.C. To buy a new car. D. To get her car maintained.

Section B

Directions:In Section B, you will hear several longer conversation(s) and short passage(s), and you will be asked several questions on each of the conversation(s) and the passage(s). The conversation(s) and the passage(s) will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

A. Many people like to eat dog meat. B. The world is too competitive.C. Dogs are unhappy with their existence. D. Dogs enjoy their life with people.


A. A sick dog. B. A watch dog. C. A junkyard dog. D. A barking dog.


A. He is probably to make his wife madder. B. He could go to work like a dog and get dog-tired.C. He is probably to let sleeping dogs lie. D. He probably will stay in the doghouse.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.

A. Zhuyun Art Museum shows China’s modern culture, art and history. B. Zhuyun Art Museumshows Jiading’s native culture, art and history.C. Zhuyun Art Museumshows Jiading’s art crafts dating back to Tang Dynasty.D. Zhuyun Art Museumshows Jiading’s contemporary paintings and calligraphy.


A. To renew old factories to meet more demands of local residents.B. To store as much art crafts as possible.C. To serve the locals to meet their diverse art demands.D. To set a shelter for local modern artists.


A. The earliest Buddha statues in it is about 2500 years old.B. This museum holds over 1000 Buddha statues.C. The exhibits in it are made of a variety of materials.D. The exhibits represent ancient people’s delicate techniques and intelligence.

Questions 17through 20 are based on the following conversation.

A. Teacher and student. B. Consultant and parent.C. Consultant and headmaster. D. Doctor and patient.


A. He withdrew some money from his parents’ bank account.B. He mixed with some bad guys, which influenced his study.C. He was not as attentive as before.D. He watched too much TV at home.


A. She was annoyed. B. She was indifferent.C. She was confused. D. She was anxious.


A. Where there is a will, there is a way.B. All roads lead to Rome.C. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.D. Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater.

II.Grammar and vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

The biggest house of cards, the longest tongue, and of course, the tallest man: these are among the thousands of records logged in the famous Guinness Book of Records. Created in 1955 after a debate (21) _______ (concern) Europe's fastest game bird, (22) _______ began as a marketing tool sold to pub landlords (23) _______ (promote) Guinness, an Irish drink, became the bestselling copyright title of all time (a category that excludes books such as the Bible and the Koran). In time, the book would sell 120 million copies in over 100 countries— quite a leap from its humble beginnings.

In its early years, the book set its sights on (24) _______ (satisfy) man's inborn curiosity about the natural world around him. Its two principal fact finders, twins Norris and Ross McWhirter, moved wildly around the globe to collect facts. It was their task to find and document aspects of life that can be sensed or observed, things that can be quantified or measured. But not just any things. They were only interested in superlatives: the biggest and the best. It was during this period (25) _______ some of the remarkable Guinness Records were documented, answering such questions as "What is the brightest star?" and "What is the biggest spider?"

Once aware of the public's thirst for such knowledge, the book's authors began to branch out to cover increasingly doubtful, little-known facts. They started documenting human achievements as well. A forerunner for reality television, the Guinness Book gave people (26) _______ chance to become famous for accomplishing odd, often pointless tasks. Records were set in 1955 for consuming 24 raw eggs in 14 minutes and in 1981 for the fastest solving of a Rubik's Cube (which took a mere 38 seconds). In 1979 a man yodeled(用真假嗓音交替唱)non-stop for ten and a quarter hours.

In its latest appearance, the book has found a new home on the internet. No longer (27) _______ (restrict) to the limits of physical paper, the Guinness World Records website contains seemingly innumerable facts concerning such topics as the most powerful combustion(燃烧)engine, or the world's longest train. What is striking, however, is that such facts are found sharing a page with the record of the heaviest train to be pulled (28) _______ a beard.

Originating as a simple bar book, the Guinness Book of Records (29) _______ (evolve) over decades to provide insight into the full range of modern life. And although one may be (30) _______ (likely) now to learn about the widest human mouth than the highest number of casualties in a single battle of the Civil War, the Guinness World Records website offers a telling glimpse into the future of fact-finding and record-recording.

Section B

Directions:Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

Like many people acting on the desire to eat healthy and local, Acropolis resident Eduardo Jimenez decided to plant a garden in his backyard. He ploughed the soil, he planted the seeds, and he even set up a fence to keep out the deer. Eduardo did everything right. Or so it seems. However, when (31) _____ time has come, he has not one tomato, bean, or leaf of lettuce to show for his hard work. How did this happen? The answer comes in the form of a small, brown, particularly smelly insect: the stink bug.

Unlike their picky cousins, stink bugs feed on some 300 species of plants, including figs, blueberries, corn, and kiwi fruits as well as soybeans, peas, and weeds. Although they do little damage to the plant itself, they make the fruits and vegetables (32) _______. For this reason, stink bugs pose the most serious threat to the big agriculturalists and macro farm operators. Macro farmers have more(33) _______ in their produce, and therefore have more to lose. While hobbyists like Eduardo are left to face the disappointment of an unsuccessful garden, macro farmers are forced to live with the loss of entire tracts of cash crops—a fact that has left many (34) _______ able to clothe their children or put food on the table.

Last season alone, several New Jersey pepper farmers saw 75% of their crops damaged. Pennsylvania lost half of its peach population, and, according to the US Apple Association, apple farmers in the mid-Atlantic states lost

37 million. This year could be worse. As a result of this (35) _______ in the supply of fresh fruits and vegetables, shoppers have seen (36) _______—sometimes quite dramatic—in prices at the grocery store. Prices of apples in Maryland are up 8%. In the north-Atlantic states, prices for peppers shot up an astonishing 14%. Not only are these items becoming more expensive, but they are also getting harder to find. Last week, Marge Jenkins of Athens, Georgia reported having to check three different stores before encounteringa decent batch of peas. And this, she assures us, is a regular (37) _______. Accidentally brought from Asia, the stink bug has no natural (38) _______ in America, and thus its population is rising sharply. Reported sightings of stink bugs are becoming increasingly numerous, as the dried, brown, trapezoidal(不规则四边形)shells of the dead bugs are everywhere in some areas. This has farmers and scientists alike (39) _______ their heads in search of a remedy. Hope, they believe, may lie with an Asian parasitic wasp(黄蜂), which helpfully lays its eggs inside stink bug eggs.


The larvae(幼虫)of the wasp consume the stink bug from the inside. But the (40) _______ of such a solution is still several years away, as scientists must first determine if it is safe for the wasp to be introduced into America. Until then, some farmers are resorting to homemade traps. Others have even contemplated the use of peacocks and praying mantises, which, they imagine, will gulp down the little stinkers.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Students in Caldwell, Idaho, can attend class in their pajamas(睡衣)! At Vallivue Virtual Academy, courses are taught online. Students work at home with parents, who serve as learning coaches. A certified teacher (41) _____ the students’ progress.

The cyber school was (42) _____ as a free option for students in kindergarten through grade 8 who have trouble succeeding in the district’s (43) _____ public school. Supporters of the program say that virtual schools help students avoid the social pressures that can (44) _____ with learning. In addition, supporters argue, online courses provide kids with more focused (45) _____ and course options than they can get in a typical school.

Not everyone gives cyber schools a passing grade, however. Some educators argue that online learning makes it hard for students to make friends. Many parents also feel that cyber schools put       (46) _____ time demands on them because they have to oversee their kids’ daily work.

Technology can benefit education, but it shouldn’t (47) _____ education. Students who go to virtual schools will miss many of the benefits of being in a real school.

If kids attend school online, they will miss out on important social (48) _____. Payton Mcdonough, 13, a seventh grader from Glencoe, Ill., agrees. “I don’t know how I could sit at a computer all day without   (49) _____ interacting with my peers and teachers,” he says.

In addition, virtual schools don’t have enough structure. Students who take online courses can set their own schedules, which will cause problems for students who have trouble staying (50) _____.

Furthermore, online schooling puts stress on parents because they have to (51) _____ what their kids do at home. Many parents have full–time jobs. How are they going to run their children’s education,    (52) _____ in their jobs, and take care of their other responsibilities at home?

Virtual schools will make it harder for students to learn and will put too much pressure on parents.

Virtual learning does not need to replace classroom learning (53) _____, but it can help students work at their own pace. If students struggle with subjects, they can take those courses online and spend more time on them. Virtual schools can also offer students much more (54) _____ schedules. Students often handle extracurricular activities, sports, and schoolwork, and cyber schools could help them manage everything.

Finally, attending virtual school can prepare students for college and for work after (55) _____. “We need to be responsible for working on our own,” says Angela Goscilo, a senior from Pound Ridge, N.Y. “We need to develop technology skills that will help us in whatever we do. Getting an early start is a good idea.”

A. oversees B. suspected C. admitted D. predicted


A. tolerated B. launched C. undergone D. transformed


A. virtual B. superior C. traditional D. specialized


A. agree B. put up C. go D. interfere


A. attention B. definition C. foundation D. instruction


A. unlimited B. uncivilized C. unrealistic D. unaffected


A. turn to B. take over C. take in D. make up


A. interactions B. education C. occupation D. identification


A. actually B. presently C. naturally D. logically


A. examined B. motivated C. exhausted D. represented


A. compliment B. award C. supervise D. tempt


A. negotiate B. innovate C. control D. excel


A. entirely B. partially C. regularly D. purposely


A. sustainable B. flexible C. relevant D. optimistic


A. school B. study C. graduation D. education

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

A

Being able to land safely is a critically important skill for all flying animals. Whereasterrestrialanimals face no particular challenge when they need to stop running or crawling, flying animals move at much higher speeds, and they must be careful about how they land. Hitting the ground, or even water, at full flight speed would be quite dangerous. Before touching down, they must decrease their speed in order to land safely. Both bats and birds have mastered the skill of landing, but these two types of flyers go about it quite differently.

In the past it was believed that, in terms of flying mechanics, there was little difference between bats and birds. This belief was based only on assumption, however, because for years nobody had actually studied in detail how bats move their wings. In recent years, though, researchers have discovered a number of interesting facts about bat flight. Bats are built differently from birds, and their wings incorporate(结合)both their front and hind limbs (后肢). This makes their limbs workingtogether more difficult for bats and, as a result, they are not very good at flying over longer distances. However, a bat can quickly change its direction of flight or completely reverse it, something a bird cannot easily do.

Another interesting characteristic of bat flight is the way in which bats land—upside down! Unlike birds, which touch down on the ground or on tree branches, bats can be observed flying around and then suddenly hanging upside down from an object overhead. How do they do it? A group of researchers recently used video cameras to film bats landing on nets suspended from the ceiling of their laboratory and studied the recordings in slow motion. They painted spots on the bats’ wings to see in detail what happens to the wings in flight and during touchdown. It turns out that the bats flew in a straight line up to the net and then quickly flipped over and attached themselves to it upside down. One disadvantage to this landing routine is that the bats often slam into their landing spot with some force, which probably causes pain. However, not all bats hit their landing spots with the same speed and force; these will vary depending on the area where a bat species makes its home. For example, a cave bat, which regularly rests on a hard stone ceiling, is more careful about its landing preparation than a bat more accustomed to landing in leafy treetops.

In line 1, the word terrestrial is closest in meaning to _______.A. high-flying B. fast-moving C. tree-climbing D. ground-living


According to the passage,  what skill is crucial for flying animals?A. Diving underwater.B. Slowing down to land.C. Flying over great distances.D. Balancing on high branches.


According to the passage,  what is an advantage that bats have over birds?A. Bats can land on a greater variety of surfaces.B. Bats can turn in the air more quickly.C. Bats can eat while flying.D. Bats are lighter.


What is the main topic of the  passage?A. Places where flying animals choose to land.B. Why scientists have difficulty observing bats.C. Differences in the eating habits of bats and birds.D. Ways in which bats move differently from birds.

B

Milton Hershey was born near the small village of Derry Church,Pennsylvania, in 1857. He only attended school through thefourth grade; at that point, he was apprenticed(做学徒)to a printer in a nearbytown. After a while, he left the printing business and was apprenticedto a Lancaster, Pennsylvania candy maker. And at the age of eighteen, he openedhis own candy store in Philadelphia. In spite of his talents as a candymaker, the shop failed after six years.

After the failure of his Philadelphia store, Milton headed for Denver,where he learned the art of making caramels(焦糖). Then in Denver, Milton once again attempted to openhis own candy-making businesses, in Chicago, New Orleans, andNew York City. Finally, in 1886, he went to Lancaster, Pennsylvania,where he raised the money necessary to try again. This company—the Lancaster Caramel Company—established Milton’s reputationas a master candy maker.

In 1893, Milton attended the Chicago International Exposition,where he saw a display of German chocolate-making implements.Fascinated by the equipment, he purchased it for his Lancastercandy factory and began producing chocolate, which he used forcoating his caramels. By the next year, production had grown toinclude cocoa, sweet chocolate, and baking chocolate. The HersheyChocolate company was born in 1894 as a subsidiary(子公司)of the Lancaster Caramel Company. Six years later, Milton sold the caramel company,but reserved the rights, and the equipment, to make chocolate. Hebelieved that a large market of chocolate consumers was waiting forsomeone to produce reasonably priced candy. He was right.

Milton Hershey returned to the village where he had beenborn, in the heart of dairy country, and opened his chocolate manufacturingplant. With access to all the fresh milk he needed, he beganproducing the finest milk chocolate. The plant that opened in a smallPennsylvania village in 1905 is today the largest chocolate factoryin the world. The sweets created at this facility are favoritesaround the world.

The area where the factory is located is now known as Hershey,Pennsylvania. Within the first decades of its existence, the townof Hershey thrived, as did the chocolate business. A bank, a school,churches, a department store, even a park and a trolley system allappeared in short order; the town soon even had a zoo. Today, avisit to the area reveals the Hershey Medical Center, Milton HersheySchool, and Hershey’s Chocolate World—a theme park where visitorsare greeted by a giant Reeses Peanut Butter Cup. All of these things—and a huge number of happy chocolate lovers—were made possiblebecause a caramel maker visited the Chicago Exposition of 1893!

The mention of the 1893 Exposition indicates that _______A. the exposition in Chicago is held once every three years. B. the theme of the exposition of 1893 was “Food from Around the World.” C. the exposition contained displays from a variety of countries. D. the site of the exposition is now a branch of the Hershey Chocolate Company.


According to the passage, Milton Hershey sold his caramel company in _______A. 1894. B. 1900. C. 1904. D. 1905.


What can you infer from the  passage?A. Chocolate is popular in every country in the world. B. Reeses Peanut Butter Cups are manufactured by the Hershey Chocolate Company. C. Chocolate had never been manufactured in the United States before Milton Hershey did it. D. The Hershey Chocolate Company now makes more money from Hershey’s Chocolate World than from the manufacture and sale of chocolate.


The author wrote this passage mainly to _______A. recount the founding of the Hershey Chocolate Company. B. describe the process of manufacturing chocolate. C. compare the popularity of chocolate to other candies. D. explain how apprenticeships work.

C

Like their ancient toga-wearing counterparts, modern philosophers continue to disagree on the nature of freewill. Do we really have any control over the choices we make and the things we desire, and if so, to what degree?

Theories of freewill vary, but the ancient words of Plato still line up with our modernperceptions(概念)of temptation and willpower. The respected Greek philosopher argued that the human experience is one of constant struggle between the intellect and the body, between rationality and desire. Along these lines, true freedom is only achievable when willpower unchains us from bodily, emotional, instinctual slavery.

You can find similar thoughts throughout world religions, most of which offer a particular and often difficult path to rise above our darker natures.

And science? Well, science mostly agrees with all of this. Willpower is all about overcoming your natural desires to eat cupcakes, skip your morning workout, play games on mobile phone, hit the snooze alarm and check your e-mail during a funeral.

Your willpower, however, is limited. If life were a video game, you'd see a glowing "willpower" or "ego"(自我)meter at the top of the screen next to your "life" meter. Successfully resist one temptation, and the meter drains a little. The next temptation drains the "willpower" meter even more, until there's nothing left at all.

Our modern scientific understanding of willpower in large part stems from a 1996 research experiment involving chocolate and radishes(小红萝卜). Psychologist Roy Baumeister led a study in which 67 test subjects were presented with tempting chocolate chip cookies and other chocolate-flavored treats before a persistence-testing puzzle. Here's the catch: The researchers asked some of the participants to withdrawfrom sweets and snack on radishes instead.

Baumeister's results told a fascinating story. The test subjects who resisted the sweet stuff in favor of radishes performed poorly on the persistence test. They simply didn't have the willpower left to resist slacking off(松懈).

The researchinspired more than a thousand additional studies discussing everything from the influence of positive messages to the ego-sapping power of daily decisions

Studies also show that cognitive capacity also affects our ability to hold out against temptation. Cognitive capacity is essentially your working memory, which you employ when resisting a temptation ... or holding a string of numbers in your head. A 1999 study from the University of Iowa professor Baba Shiv found that people tasked with remembering a two-digit number held out better than people remembering a seven-digit number when tempted with chocolate cake.

What do you understand by  ‘freewill’?A. The control we have over the choices.

B. The choices we make and the things we desireC.The choices that philosophers force us to makeD.Our perception of temptation.

According to Plato, when is  true freedom available?A. When there is a struggle between the intellect and the bodyB. When our willpower helps us to overcome our basic instinctsC. When we desire that which we cannot achieveD. When we have no control over our ego

What is meant by ‘cognitive  capacity’?A. Willpower to realize one’s own ego. B. Our ability to overcome temptationC. Our ability to remember things. D. The desire to give in to temptation

Section C

Directions:Read the passage carefully. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

A. One reason that it’s urgent is that countries are sending more and more objects into space.

B. There are also millions of smaller pieces of junk that we can’t see.

C. Blowing  up older satellites with a missile may create thousands of smaller  pieces!

D. In the upper parts of the atmosphere, it will burn up.

E. When two objects in space collide, the two objects break into many smaller pieces.

F. Years of space exploration have left tons of “space junk” in orbit around the planet.

Many people know that trash is a big problem on planet Earth. What many people don’t know is that trash has become a problem in outer space too. (67) __________________________________

Statistically, there are more than 22,000 pieces of junk in space around the earth. And these are just the items that we can see from the surface of the earth by telescopes or radars. (68) ______________________________

Objects, like bits of old space rockets or satellites, move around the planet at very high speeds, so fast that even a very small piece can break important satellites or become dangerous to people, particularly astronauts. If the tiniest piece of junk crashed into a spacecraft, it could damage the vehicle. That’s because the faster an object moves, the greater the impact if the object collides with something else.

To help minimize additional space junk, countries around the world have agreed to limit the time their space tools stay in orbit to 25 years. Each tool must be built to fall safely into the earth’s atmosphere, or the mass of gases that surround the earth, after that. (69) ________________________________

Many scientists are also proposing different ways to clean up space junk. The Germans have been planning a space mission with robots that would collect pieces of space trash and bring them back to Earth so that they can be safely destroyed.

"In our opinion the problem is very challenging, and it's quite urgent as well," said Marco Castronuovo, an Italian Space Agency researcher who is working to solve the problem. (70) _______________________________ Many of these objects are tools that help people use their cell phones or computers.

"The time to act is now; as we go farther in time we will need to remove more and more fragments," he says.

IV. Summary Writing

Directions:Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

Should some books be banned from school libraries?

Are there Harry Potter books in your school library? Many kids all over the world are reading J. K. Rowling's books in school. But some parents think their children shouldn't be able to find those and other books in school libraries. Should school libraries keep books that some parents don't approve of? Should they take those books off the shelves? All over the country, schools are wrestling with those questions.

It’s true that some hold their argument that some books should be banned from school libraries! "We need certain limits," said one student in Denver, Colorado. He said some books have no place in school libraries. Many people believe that books that contain violence or bad words shouldn't be in schools. Some people want the Harry Potter books removed because they contain talk about wizards and magic.

Most parents know what's good for kids. They have a right to decide which books should or should not be in school libraries.

Books should meet certain standards before they are put in schools. Is this a good book for kids to read? Is it full of violence? Does it contain bad words or ideas kids shouldn't learn about? If a book is not good for all kids, it should not be in a school library. Most parents don't have time to find out everything their kids read. They should be able to trust schools to do that for them.

Ontheotherhand, some believe that books should not be banned from school libraries! "Parents should decide what their own kids read," said Natalie Nicol, of Denver, Colorado. But other parents shouldn't make that choice for them. Many experts say that it's the parents' job, not the school's job, to check out what their kids are reading. If they don't like a book, they should not let their kids read it.

Why should a few parents stop kids from reading stories like the Harry Potter series? Kids should be able to check out books their parents think are OK to read. Many schools let kids borrow certain books if they have a signed paper from a parent. That works fine. A parent doesn't sign the paper if he or she doesn't want the child to read the book. Other kids can read the books if they have permission.

Some books are not OK for all kids to read. But if more adults were careful about what their own kids read, they wouldn't have to ban books from the library.

V. Translation

Directions:Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

那时,各种问题层出不穷。 (arise)


中央电视台网络直播了这次重要的国际会议。 (live)


这些难民不应该成为移民,因为他们最终将回到自己的国家去。 (since)


这项工程须等到所有的准备工作就绪才能开工,这叫按规律办事。 (which)

VI. Guided Writing

Directions:Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions givenbelow in Chinese.

假设你将组织本班的毕业聚会,谈谈你的具体设想并说明理由。

内容必须包括:

1.明确聚会将在何时,何地,以何种形式举行

2.简述你的理由

(文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称)


参考答案

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A Short Conversations

Directions:In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

M: How much should I  pay for the overweight? W:  The charge for extra baggage is calculated by 1.5% of the standard ticket fare for economy class.Q:  Where does the conversation most probably take place?


W: Jack, is there any coffee  in the coffee pot? M:  There is some, but no cream left. You’ll have to content yourself with black coffee.Q: What does the  man mean?


M: Wow! You’ve got so many Chinese paintings here. Are  they genuine? W: All our reproductions are clearly marked and  priced.They are sold at a fair price.Q: What does the woman intend to tell the man?


M: Well, I’d like to cancel my reservation for the flight on September 16, and book one on September                   19 instead, please.W:  Ok. Wait a moment, please. Sorry. They’re all sold out, but there’s only one left, first class, on September 20.Q: What do we learn from the conversation?


W: What? The  visiting team scored the first goal? M:  Yes. Ours are behind. Q:  What are they talking about?


M: They are a nice match to  your skirt, but is that a good fit? W:  They are a little too small and my toes hurt. Q: What are they  most probably talking about?


M: You’ve saved room for dessert, haven’t  you? W:  Oh, I do wish, but, you know, the steak was so nice and I couldn’t resist it. Now I’m absolutely full.Q: What does the woman mean?


M: The scale shows no hint of  losing weight. I wonder if my running is really worth it. W:  It is always very hard when you are starting out. It may work later,  only if you stick to it.Q: What does the woman mean?


W:  It’s freezing outside. What happened to the weather report? This  cold front was supposed to pass and it should be warm now.  M:  Yes. I thought so too. That’s what I read online this morning.  Q: What was the man informed online?


W:  Excuse me. I need to have my car serviced before my long drive home. M: No problem, ma’am.We have an excellent mechanic here.Q: What will the woman  probably do?

Section B

Directions:In Section B, you will hear several longer conversation(s) andshort passage(s), and you will be asked several questions on each of the conversation(s) and the passage(s). The conversation(s) and the passage(s) will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well.

However, dogs without owners to care for them lead a different kind of life. The expression "to lead a dog's life" describes a person who has an unhappy existence. Some people say we live in a "dog-eat-dog world." That means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs. They say that to be successful, a person has to "work like a dog." This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people "dog-tired." And the situation would be even worse if they became "sick as a dog."

Some people are compared to dogs in bad ways. People who are unkind or uncaring can be described as "meaner than a junkyard dog." Junkyard dogs live in places where people throw away things they do not want. Mean dogs are often used to guard this property. They bark or attack people who try to enter the property. However, sometimes a person who appears to be mean and threatening is really not so bad. We say "his bark is worse than his bite."

A junkyard is not a fun place for a dog. Many dogs in the United States sleep in safe little houses near their owners' home. These doghouses provide shelter. Yet they can be cold and lonely in the winter. Husbands and wives use this doghouse term when they are angry at each other. For example, a woman might get angry at her husband for coming home late, or forgetting their wedding anniversary. She might tell him that he is "in the doghouse." She may not treat him nicely until he apologizes. However, the husband may decide that it is best to leave things alone and not create more problems. He might decide to "let sleeping dogs lie."

Questions:

If  a person says that he is living in a “dog-eat-dog world”, what  does he mean?


If a person is called mean to  others, what phrase can we use to describe him?


What  would a husband probably do if he is “in the doghouse” according  to the passage?

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.

In Jiading, a district of Shanghai, no fewer than 38 private museums and galleries have sprung up.

Shanghai Zhuyun Art Museum has been open to the general public since September 2008. It is focused on displaying Jiading's local culture, art, and history. Exhibits include over 70 paintings and works of calligraphy by famed Jiading artists dating back to the Ming and Qing dynasties. The museum also includes more than 10 Jiading bamboo carving works and ancient books.

Jiayuanhai Art Center, which opened to the public in December 2013, was developed from four renewed factories. The art center hosts exhibitions but also offers studio space for resident artists. It also acts as a storage space for art and a service center. The center strives to be a multipurpose art center integrating art creation, exhibiting, art investment, and consumption. It is also an important public space for artists to exchange ideas.

The Shanghai Xiangdong Buddha Museum boasts more than 1,000 Buddha statues, with the earliest dating back to the Northern Wei Dynasty. The statues span a broad range of styles, postures, and expressions. There are standing, sitting, solemn, and relaxed Buddhas on display. The museum covers a range of delicate techniques developed in Chinese sculptural art and represents many different periods.

Furthermore, there is diversity in terms of the materials used. There are gold, silver, bronze, iron, porcelain, ivory, and rosewood sculptures. For those fascinated by Buddhist sculpture, Shanghai Xiangdong Buddha Museum is certainly a great place to go.

Questions:

What does Zhuyun Art Museum  display to the public?


What’s  the purpose of Jiayuanhai Art Center?


Which  of the following statements is not true about Xiangdong Buddha  Museum?

Questions 17through 20 are based on the following conversation.

M: Hello, Mrs Kaul.

W:Good afternoon. Mr. Spear. Anything wrong with Amit?

M: Oh, don’t worry. I wanted to see you in connection with certain things I’ve been noticing about Amit.

W: Has he been playing up?

M: No, he is a little withdrawn. He doesn’t mix around with other children.

W: Is he inattentive also?

M: Well, he is certainly not as alert as he used to be.

W: Oh! This is upsetting. I organize his day myself.

M: Could it be too much TV?

W: No, he’s allowed to watch TV only after two hours of concentrated work.

M: I think you are overdoing both, TV and work. When does he play?

W: In school.

M: No, that’s not enough. Allow him at least two hours of unstructured play.

W: What do you mean by unstructured play?

M: It means free, uncontrolled play. It could make all the difference.

W: You really think so?

M: Yes! Half an hour of TV and no video games. Try this for a few days and I’m sure you will see a change in him.

Questions:

What’s  the relationship between the two speakers?


What’s  the problem with the boy Amit?


How  does the woman feel after knowing Amit’s situation?


Which  of the following proverbs is the man’s suggestion based on?

Keys:

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

1-5ACADA 6-10 DCBBD

Section B

11-13 BCC  14-16 BCA  17-20 BCDC

II.Grammar and vocabulary

Section A

21.concerning  22. what  23. to promote  24. satisfying  25. that  26. a  27. restricted 28. with  29. has evolved  30. more likely

Section B

31. D   32. I   33. B   34.  F   35. A   36. J   37. G   38. K   39. C   40. H

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

41-45ABCDD  46-50 CBAAB   51-55 CDABC

Section B

56-59DBBD 60-63CBBA  64-66ABB

Section C

67-70FBDA

IV. Summary Writing

Schools are troubled by the problem whether certain books should be banned from their libraries. Some argue that those books with violence or bad words in should be banned and certain standards in judging books is essential. Others believe that it is parents’ responsibility, instead of schools’, to decide whether their kids are permitted to read certain books or not.

V. Translation

72. At that time, problems were always arising. / At that time, problems arose one after another.

73. The important international conference was broadcast live on CCTV network.

74. These refugees should not become immigrants since they will eventually return to their own countries.

75. The project will not start until all the preparatory work is ready, which is called doing things according to the rules.

VI. Guided Writing

相关阅读

免费预约

价值600元课程包

立即预约

海风用户注册协议

1特别提示

1.1. 本用户协议,系为保护用户及海风教育平台运营方(以下简称“海风教育”或“运营方”)双方的权利义务所设置,请用户务必仔细、审慎阅读并理解本协议各条款内容,特别是本协议中以加黑加粗方式进行标识的相关免除或限制双方权利义务的条款。

1.2. 当用户按照注册相关页面提示填写信息、阅读并同意本协议且完成全部注册程序后,即表示用户已充分阅读、理解并接受本协议的全部内容,并与运营方达成一致,成为海风教育的用户。阅读本协议的过程中,如果用户不同意本协议或其中任何条款约定,用户应立即停止注册。

1.3. 在本协议生效前已成为海风教育的注册用户的,用户访问和/或使用平台网站的行为将被视为用户表示同意接受本协议的全部内容,如果用户不同意本协议或其中任何条款约定的,请用户立即停止访问或使用相关平台。

2. 用户注册与管理

2.1. 用户确认在注册或使用海风教育相关平台服务时,应当具备相应的民事能力,不存在任何影响相关使用行为效力的限制情形,否则应由用户自行承担由此造成的全部法律责任。

2.2. 用户确认在注册海风教育相关平台账号时,应当使用本人所有的真实有效的个人信息(包括但不限于姓名、手机号码、身份证号码等)进行注册,不得有使用他人身份信息的情形。如用户个人资料有任何变动,应及时更新。

2.3.用户在注册或使用海风教育相关平台服务时,如需设置用户昵称、头像、简介等的,用户应确保相关内容不存在如下情形:

(1) 侵犯个人、企事业单位或社会团体的合法权益,包括但不限于专利权、著作权、商标权,或姓名权、名称权、名誉权、荣誉权、肖像权、隐私权等;

(2) 损害监管部门、国家机关及政府形象等;

(3) 损害海风教育运营方及其关联公司的商誉或信誉等合法权益;

(4) 含有性别歧视、种族歧视、地域歧视,含有恐怖、暴力、色情等违反社会公序良俗或国家相关法律法规的内容;

(5) 其他不符合海风教育平台管理规则的内容。

2.4. 2.4. 用户注册成功后,该用户账号和密码由用户本人负责保管;用户应当对其账号进行的所有行为承担法律责任。为使用户更好地使用平台服务,海风教育有权依据相关法律规定要求用户进行实名认证。

2.5. 用户同意海风教育运营方在提供服务的过程中以各种方式投放各种商业性广告或其他任何类型的商业信息,并且用户同意接受海风教育运营方通过电话、电子邮件等方式向用户介绍海风教育相关商业信息。

2.6. 如用户注册的免费网络服务的账号在任何连续180日内未实际使用,或者用户注册的收费网络服务的账号在其订购的收费网络服务的服务期满之后连续180日内未实际使用,则海风教育有权注销该账号

2.7. 用户不应将其账号、密码转让或出借给他人使用。如发现任何未经授权使用账户访问和/或使用运营方平台或其他可能导致账户遭窃、遗失的情况,建议用户应立即通知运营方。用户应理解运营方对用户的任何请求采取行动均需要合理时间,除运营方存在过错外,运营方对在采取行动前已经产生的后果不承担任何责任。

3. 平台服务

3.1. 用户可根据自身需求选择使用海风教育的平台服务,具体收费类的服务内容以用户与运营方签署的服务协议及/或运营方平台公示的内容为准。

3.2. 用户支付的费用仅包含所购买的服务内容,不包括用户为使用服务内容所需的相关设备(如个人电脑、手机、调制解调器或其他与接入互联网或移动网有关的装置)及所需的费用(如网络信息费、电话费等)等。

3.3. 对于用户未支付费用的免费服务,运营方有权依据业务需要随时进行调整或变更服。对于付费服务,运营方如需调整或变更的,运营方须依据与相关用户签署的服务协议执行。

3.4. 用户理解因平台维护需要或其他不可抗力导致的平台服务发生中断、暂停的情形,但运营方应在合理的期间内及时修复。

4. 使用规则

4.1. 用户在使用海风教育平台服务的过程中,必须履行如下义务: (1) 遵守国家相关法律法规及所有与网络服务有关的网络规定等;
(2) 不得为任何非法目的而使用海风教育平台的网络服务;
(3) 不得以任何形式使用海风教育网络服务侵犯海风教育及其关联方的合法权利;
(4) 不得利用海风教育网络服务系统进行任何可能对互联网或移动网正常运转造成不利影响的行为;
(5) 不得利用海风教育提供的网络服务上传、展示或传播任何虚假的、骚扰性的、中伤他人的、辱骂性的、恐吓性的、庸俗淫秽的或其他任何违法或不良的信息资料;
(6) 不得使用或发布任何侵犯第三方的专利权、著作权、商标权、名誉权或其他任何合法权益的内容;
(7) 不得有其他有损海风教育运营方及其关联方、任何第三方合法权利的行为。

4.2. 如因用户上传、发布的内容含有以上第4.1条相关信息或内容的,用户应承担由此导致的相关法律责任,运营方将依据相关规定对该等内容采取删除、屏蔽等措施。同时用户还须承担因此给海风教育产生的全部损失,包括但不限于财产损失、名誉损失、律师费、交通费等因维权而产生的合理费用。

4.3. 如相关平台服务中包含海风教育之外第三方的网站或资源链接的,因运营方对相关网站或资源内容等无法进行控制或审查,用户在访问相关第三方网站或资料链接时应当审慎辨别,如因使用该第三方提供的服务造成任何损失的,应由用户向该第三方主张权利。

5. 知识产权

5.1. 除非另有约定或运营方另行声明,海风教育平台内的所有内容(用户依法享有版权的内容除外)、技术、软件、程序、数据及其他信息(包括但不限于文字、图像、图片、照片、音频、视频、图表、色彩、版面设计、电子文档)的所有知识产权(包括但不限于版权、商标权、专利权、商业秘密等)及相关权利,均归海风教育运营方或其关联公司所有。未经许可,任何人不得擅自使用(包括但不限于复制、传播、展示、镜像、上载、下载、修改、出租)。任何单位和个人不得私自转载、传播和提供观看服务或者有其他侵犯运营方知识产权的行为,否则将承担相关的法律责任。

6. 个人信息保护

6.1. 对于用户在使用运营平台产生的个人信息,海风教育将采取相关措施予以保护,具体详见海风教育官网(www.hfjy.com)“隐私政策”相关内容。

7. 违约责任

7.1. 用户同意遵守本协议相关约定内容,如因用户违反有关法律、法规或本协议项下的任何条款而给海风教育或任何第三人造成损失的,用户同意承担由此造成的损害赔偿责任。

7.2. 如因用户违反相关法律法规或本协议约定,海风教育有权根据平台规则对相应内容和信息进行删除、屏蔽等处理或对相关用户的账户进行暂停使用、注销等处理。

8. 协议修改

8.1. 海风教育有权根据国家法律法规变化及平台服务运营需要对本协议进行修改调整,海风教育将会通过本协议第九条约定的方式通知用户,相关内容自通知发布之日起生效。

8.2. 如用户对变更后的协议内容不同意的,用户有权停止使用网络服务。如果用户继续使用网络服务,则视为用户接受海风教育对本协议相关条款所做的修改。

9. 通知送达

9.1. 用户应当向运营方提供真实有效的联系方式,包括用户的电子邮箱地址、联系电话、等,对于前述联系方式的变更,用户应及时通知运营方。用户同意用于登陆运营方平台接受站内消息、弹出消息、推送消息的账户,同样是用户的有效联系方式。

9.2. 用户同意海风教育运营方通过如下方式向其送达各类通知:
(1) 在运营方平台发布公告;
(2) 站内消息、弹出消息、客户端推送的消息;
(3) 根据用户预留于运营方平台的联系方式发出的电子邮件、手机短信、函件等。

9.3. 上述通知方式中,以电子方式发出的书面通知,包括平台公告、站内消息、弹出消息、客户端推送信息、电子邮件、手机短信,在发送成功后即视为送达;以纸质载体发出的书面通知,如函件等,在发出之日起三个自然日后视为送达。

9.4. 运营方向用户送达的此类通知在内容上可能对用户的权利义务产生重大的影响,如因用户未能及时更新有效联系方式导致通知无法送达或用户未及时查阅相关通知导致的法律责任,应由用户自行承担。

10. 法律管辖

10.1. 本协议的订立、执行和解释及争议的解决均应适用中国法律并受中国法院管辖。

10.2. 如双方就本协议内容或其执行发生任何争议,双方应尽量友好协商解决;协商不成时,任何一方均可向海风教育经营所在地的人民法院提起诉讼。

11. 其他规定

11.1. 本协议构成双方对本协议之约定事项及其他有关事宜的完整协议,除本协议规定的之外,未赋予本协议各方其他权利。

11.2. 如本协议中的任何条款无论因何种原因完全或部分无效或不具有执行力,本协议的其余条款仍应有效。

海风隐私政策

本政策规则旨在向使用海风教育相关运营平台的用户说明,海风教育在收集、储存、使用、披露、保护用户相关个人信息的方式及规则,请在使用相关运营平台前仔细阅读本规则,如用户不同意本规则相关内容,用户应立即停止注册或使用相关运营平台。

一、我们可能收集的个人信息及使用

1.用户在注册或使用相关运营平台的网络服务时,我们将通过注册表格、服务订单等形式要求用户提供用户或其被监护人的姓名、性别、年龄、出生日期、身份证号码、电话、住址、电子邮件、在读年级、拟购买服务内容等信息,以便我们根据相关信息数据为用户或其被监护人提供相关的产品或服务,并不断优化和提升产品或服务内容。

2.用户在使用我们提供的服务过程中,我们将会在获得用户授权许可的情况下,访问用户所使用的终端设备的麦克风、摄像头、音频设备等进行课程服务的录音录像,以及对终端设备使用的系统及网络进行检测,以便提升用户的服务体验。

3.我们可能通过Cookies收集和使用用户的相关信息以及记录用户使用的设备IP地址、浏览器类型,已便于为用户提供更加个性化的体验。

二、我们如何储存保护个人信息

1.我们将依据国家相关政策法规,采取各种技术手段、管理措施对用户个人信息进行保护,包括但不限于数据加密、防火墙、物理访问控制以及信息访问授权控制等方式。

2.用户在使用相关运营平台的产品或服务时,应妥善保管个人的账号及密码,如用户发生密码遗失、账号被盗用等异常情况,应立即联系我们,以便采取措施防止个人信息泄露。用户理解我们采取相关行动之前需要合理的时间,如在此之前相关信息泄露产生的任何损失应由用户自行承担。

三、我们如何披露个人信息

我们将严格遵守国家相关法律的规定保护用户的个人信息,除下列情况外,我们将不会向任何第三方披露用户的个人信息:

(1) 事先获得用户的书面明确授权;

(2) 依据国家相关法律法规或政府主管部门的要求;

(3) 为维护社会公众的利益;

(4) 为维护本网站的合法权益;

四、用户如何管理及控制个人信息

1.用户可通过持有的账号密码修改、更新、删除个人信息相关内容。用户可采取定期变更账号密码的方式对个人信息进行保护。

2.用户在使用我们相关平台的具有社交属性的产品或服务期间,应谨慎选择所上传或发布到平台的个人信息内容,否则相关个人信息存在被其他用户或任何第三方进行复制、转发、使用的可能。

3.用户可以通过变更cookies设置等方式,控制对相关个人信息的收集,但用户亦可能因此无法获得我们提供的相关的服务内容。

4.对于用户在具有社交属性的平台发布的个人敏感信息,我们将视情况采取相关保护措施。

五、信息推送服务

1.用户在注册完成或提交个人试听需求服务后,我们将可能使用相关个人信息,向用户提供电话销售、电子邮件、短信推送等服务,如用户不希望收到相关服务信息,可按照相关提示进行取消。

2.基于网络服务的特殊性,我们在必要的情形下,可能向用户发送产品或服务的相关通知(包括但不限于课程安排等事项)。

六、其他

1.本规则仅适用于用户在使用海风教育相关运营平台过程中发生的个人信息保护问题,如因用户使用第三方链接或服务产生的个人信息问题不在此列,用户应在使用相关第三方服务时仔细查阅相关网站的个人信息保护政策。

2.本规则亦将作为海风教育相关运营平台的注册协议的一部分,与注册协议具有同等法律效力。